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Applications of CFD tools in process industry

Phenomena in process industry

Process industry deal with wide range of tasks comprising mixing, emulsifications, chemical reactions, combustion, heat transfer in all three modes namely conduction / convection / radiation, phase separation...

Categories of Equipments

  • Static Equipment: As the name suggests, there are no moving parts inside these components except moving fluid. The components falling under this category are pressure vessels, heat exchangers, tanks and filters, separators. Heat Exchangers are of the types: Air coolers and economizers, Plate and Frame, Spiral Plate, Shell and Tube, Plate-fin, Fired Heaters, Jacketed Pipe and Hair-pin.
  • Rotating Equipment: The components falling under this category contains rotating parts and are primarily meant to move fluids. PRotating Equipment typically includes equipment like gas turbines, steam turbines, turbo-pumps, compressors, fans, motors, centrifuges... These equipment are distinguished by the rotating motion caused by impellers or rotors. In addition to the study of fluid and heat transfer phenomena, the effect of fluid on structural integrity of these parts is also important. Fluid-induced instabilities are one such phenomena which needs to be investigated.
  • Fired Equipments: These are equipments which deals with combustion phenomena such as Furnaces, boilers, economizer
  • Material Handling Equipment: cranes, hoists, conveyor systems and pulleys, Condensate tower, Vacuum tower, debutanizer, sour water stripper tower

Oil and Gas Industry

Industry Segment Main Operations Players
Upstream Oil exploration and owning of oil fields Shell, ExxonMobil
Midstream Field gathering (storage from thousands of bore wells), transmission pipelines, transportation vessels, processing plants Halliburton, Reliance
Downstream Distribution network for consumers: retail and industrial (e.g. aviation) OMC: Oil Marketing Companies
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